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The limits of our world by Silas-Coldwine The limits of our world by Silas-Coldwine
And now, for something completely different... an alternate philosophical scenario.

The POD here is that Ludwig Wittgenstein died of an infectious disease while staying prisoner in WWI, right after he wrote the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus. The text was only discovered decades later, and would have a great impact in his native Austria in the inmediate postwar, but it would have a rather different, esoteric interpretation. The main academic effects:

Popper would have a much greater impact. "Logical Positivism" here means "Analytical philosophy", a much more restrictive, rejected and controversial label from which the British Academia has been expurged.

Philosophy of language and cognitive sciences are a bit behind OTL, but eventually a group of American philosophers came up with something relatively close to what the late Wittgenstein researched (that's what the "Holistic Program" means)

The Continental schools were object of different kinds of debate, and their mutual differences were sharpened. Eventually there was not a single "Continental school" to speak of, as there is not a monolithic "Analytical school" to antagonize. Heidegger, in spite of influencing Sartre as IOTL, has eventually become a minor, more obscure philosopher: his pupil Gadamer has eclipsed him. In the Spanish-speaking world, the late works of Ortega y Gasset (and the more poetic, Intuitionist approach of María Zambrano) became more renowned and divulged, enough to become a philiosophical school in its own right.

Vitalism in this world must be understood in its least restricted sense, as the schools that put the vital process at the forefront of philosophical inquiry. Existential Vitalism treats the vital process as the basis of an existential struggle against an uncertain world and of an unavoidable process of self-construction. Phenomenic Vitalism regards the vital process as the starting point of the consciousness phenomena, which is its true object of analysis. Historicist Vitalism regards the vital processes as producers of a collective history with its own rationality, which brings particular meanings to the communities and the individuals living in them.

There's not a Postmodernism to speak of, but some schools resemble it a lot, especially what emerged from Post-Soviet Russia... except that it would be more precisely called a form of nihilistic Materialism that prescinds of the notion of truth against the notion of will.

Finally, the American Pragmatic schools suffered a schism around a strong vs weak notion of truth. That's what allows Putnam to be classified as "Paleopragmatist", rather than Neopragmatist as IOTL.

Wittgenstein's Fideist approach to the mystique through the logical structure of the world is taught by a closed elite that is the target of many conspiracy theorists. They have chapter houses all over the world, but the most prominent ones are located in Anchorage, Seattle, San Francisco, Houston, Omaha, Raleigh, New York City, Boston, Montreal, Rio de Janeiro, Buenos Aires, Reykjavik, Santiago de Compostela, Bilbao, Geneva, Paris, London, Edimburgh, Copenhagen, Hanover, Vienna, Cracow, Stockholm, Rome, Budapest, St. Petersburg, Cape Town, Tokyo, Fukuoka, Melbourne and Wellington.
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:iconelusivexeno:
elusivexeno Featured By Owner Oct 7, 2016
Also what is "weak-truth" pragmatism?
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Silas-Coldwine Featured By Owner Oct 7, 2016
Weak-truth Pragmatism is, simplifying a lot, the embracement of cathegories and lines of action as long as they're useful without assuming any objective truth behind them, or even denying objectivity is possible.
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:iconelusivexeno:
elusivexeno Featured By Owner Oct 7, 2016
Is Vitalist school as whole basically contructivism? How does it relate with rational materialism?
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:iconsilas-coldwine:
Silas-Coldwine Featured By Owner Oct 7, 2016
The three schools have a hint of that (or a clearer hint of that, in the Existential and Phenomenic case). Sided that way, they understand themselves as defending that the vital experience is an active part in the creation of meaning. But strictly speaking, the purest Constructivist school is the Historicist one. In all the three schools you can find people in both ends of the rationalist-irrationalist spectrum, and everything in between.
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:iconnurizin:
NurIzin Featured By Owner Jan 29, 2012
Belgium is quite bit more complicated than that. there are two communities : the Flemmishes (Dutch speaking) and Walloons (French speaking) + a small community of 70000 German speaking. Flemmishes and Wallons haven't the same cultures and philosophies, put Walloons in the same bag with Britishes isn't correct, we don't share the same position/philosophy/culture or whatever with anglo-saxons or duchties, and have influences from the Frenchies. Flemmishes are traditionally christian and liberals, Walloons are traditionally leftist/social-democrat. I could talk about many other differences, but Belgium has to be divided in two.
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:iconsilas-coldwine:
Silas-Coldwine Featured By Owner Jan 30, 2012
I know very well that Belgium has a diverse composition, and I seriously doubt why should that have a thing to do with how academic philosophies and schools become dominant in a given academic environment. In addition, no, I don't think Belgium shouldn't be divided in two. About the 90% of the coutries of the world are ethnically diverse, and it would be an atomizing mess to adjust national borders (artificial lines where a lunacy ends and another starts, anyway) to it, not to tell to the places where identity lines are blurred or where there are many ethnicities that could resort to ethnic cleansing, or where identity doesn't follow ethnicity nor language, or where the same ethnicity has conflicting ideas about what constitutes their identity. I don't see any advantage for Europe in a split of Belgium, nor I see a reason for it.
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:iconsilas-coldwine:
Silas-Coldwine Featured By Owner Jan 30, 2012
On the other hand, if there's a consistent wish for those communities to split, what I think about it is irrelevant. BTW, what do you think it would happen to Brussels? I've heard it's a complicated issue.
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:icondeathlesslegends13:
DeathlessLegends13 Featured By Owner Jan 29, 2012  Student Writer
Is the rest of the world not influenced by philosophy?
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:iconsilas-coldwine:
Silas-Coldwine Featured By Owner Jan 30, 2012
No, it is, but it's not producing valuable academic world.
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:iconsilas-coldwine:
Silas-Coldwine Featured By Owner Jan 30, 2012
I mean work.
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